A simple mastectomy, sometimes known as a complete mastectomy, includes the removal of the breast, nipple, and areola. The lymph nodes in the armpits remain after the surgery.
The breast, nipple, areola, and lymph nodes in the armpit are all removed during a modified radical mastectomy.
A nipple-sparing mastectomy: A surgeon removes the breast tissue while leaving the skin, nipple, and areola intact. They will often hide cuts underneath the breast or make incisions through the armpit area.
A scar-sparing mastectomy: In this newer form of surgery, the surgeon hollows out the breast. The objective is to keep as few apparent surgical incisions as possible. Scar-free approaches may be used by surgeons during a variety of mastectomy procedures.
Risk-reducing mastectomy: A surgeon removes one or both breasts, which dramatically reduces the risk of breast cancer developing. This option is appropriate for those who have particular genetic mutations, such as those in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Women with a significant family history of breast cancer may want to consider a risk-reducing mastectomy as well as having their ovaries removed at the same time.
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